Barnard’s Star Constellation Ophiuchus

At 7–12 billion years of age, Barnard’s Star is considerably older than the Sun, which is 4. 5 billion years old, and it might be among the oldest stars in the Milky Way galaxy. Barnard’s Star has lost a great deal of rotational energy, and the periodic slight changes in its brightness indicate that it rotates once in 130 days (the Sun rotates in 25). Given its age, Barnard’s Star was long assumed to be quiescent in terms of stellar activity. In 1998, astronomers observed an intense stellar flare, showing that Barnard’s Star is a flare star. Barnard’s Star has the variable star designation V2500 Ophiuchi. In 2003, Barnard’s Star presented the first detectable change in the radial velocity of a star caused by its motion. Further variability in the radial velocity of Barnard’s Star was attributed to its stellar activity.